The control of goods leaving the Republic is considered one of the core functions of Customs. Key economic decisions are based on trade statistics and it is therefore imperative that SARS accurately records export performance. 

Export declarations, as with import declarations, are now mainly processed electronically following a number of changes recently introduced under the Customs Modernisation Programme. Importers and Exporters pay all duties and taxes upfront before taking possession of the goods.

The original and an audit copy of each export declaration is processed by Customs and kept for record and trade statistics purposes. Any other documents about the goods exported, including the transport documents, should be produced if required by Customs. 
Current legislation and policy require specific documents to be endorsed, which could entail the completion of required fields on a form such as findings of an examination, date stamping and signing. 

Availability of examination facilities
Examination facilities are available at most international ports of entry / exit as well as at the transit sheds and container depots. Subject to the rules of the Customs and Excise Act, including conditions about security, application may also be made (at the discretion of the Customs Branch Manager) for examinations to be conducted on the premises of clients. 

Restrictions and Prohibitions
The exportation of a variety of goods is either totally prohibited or may be subject to inspection by other authorities ie. P&R goods. Special permits / licenses / certificates may also be required. Customs officers read these documents in order to ensure compliance with the various laws, regulations and rules. It must be noted that certain goods will require an export permit, which must be produced at the time of clearance. Application for Export Permits must be made to The Department of Trade and Industry

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